The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Neurobiology is the branch of biology that deals with nervous system functions and structures. More particularly, neurobiology centres around the cells and tissues of the sensory system and manners by which they can frame structures and circuits (pathways) for controlling the body. This system incorporates common structures, such as the brain and spinal cord, and nerves. Neurobiology can be classified as a sub-discipline within the broader field of physiology. It is generally wide as a logical field, and can be connected to numerous creature types, including people, vertebrate (creatures with spines), and invertebrates (creatures without spines). The term 'neurobiology' is regularly utilized as a substitute for neuroscience, however the key refinement is that neurobiology is frequently constrained to simply the natural part of this framework, and not the interdisciplinary perspectives that we find in neuroscience.
- Track 1-1 History of Neurobiology
- Track 1-2 Modern Neuroscience
- Track 1-3 Neurobiology vs Neuroscience
- Track 1-4 Future Scope of Neurobiology
Molecular neurobiology observes concepts in molecular biology applied to the nervous systems of animals. The scope of this subject covers topics such as molecular neuroanatomy, mechanisms of molecular signalling in the nervous system, the effects of genetics and epigenetics on neuronal development, and the molecular basis for neuroplasticity and neurodegenerative diseases. As with molecular biology, molecular neuroscience is a relatively new field that is considerably dynamic.
- Track 2-1 Locating Neurotransmitters
- Track 2-2 Voltage-gated Ion Channels
- Track 2-3 Receptors
- Track 2-4 Neurotransmitter Release
- Track 2-5 Neuronal Gene Expression
Cellular neuroscience is the study of neurons at the cellular level. It includes cell morphology and physiological properties such as membrane trafficking, synthesis and transport of proteins, and synaptic plasticity. Cellular neuroscience examines the various types of neurons, the functions of different neurons, the influence of neurons upon each other, how neurons work together.
- Track 3-1 Neurons and Glial Cells
- Track 3-2 Neuronal Function
- Track 3-3 Action Potential
- Track 3-4 Structure and Formation of Synapses
- Track 3-5Synaptic Plasticity
- Track 3-6 Neurotransmitter transporters, Receptors and Signaling Mechanisms
The Central Nervous System (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system is so named because it integrates the received information and coordinates and influences the activity of all parts of the bodies of bilaterally symmetric animals—that is, all multicellular animals except sponges and radially symmetric animals such as jellyfish—and it contains most of the nervous system.
- Track 4-1 Structure of CNS
- Track 4-2 Disorders of CNS
- Track 4-3 Development of Central Nervous System
- Track 4-4 Clinical Significance
Neurobiologists, a type of neuroscientist, study the biology of the nervous system to determine how it functions in order to better understand and treat neurological disorders, such as strokes, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia.
- Track 5-1Scope of Neurobiologist
- Track 5-2 Experts in Field of Neurobiology
- Track 5-3 Clinical Trials and Research
- Track 5-4 Physical and Neurological Test
- Track 5-5 Treatment Process
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system. The brain consists of the cerebrum, the brainstem and the cerebellum. Human brain development is a protracted process that begins in the third gestational week (GW) with the differentiation of the neural progenitor cells and extends at least through late adolescence, arguably throughout the lifespan. The processes that contribute to brain development range from the molecular events of gene expression to environmental input.
- Track 6-1 Structure of Brain
- Track 6-2 Brain Development
- Track 6-3 Function of Brain
- Track 6-4 Physiology of Brian
- Track 6-5 Research in Brain Development
- Track 6-6 Gene Expression and Environmental Input for Brain Development
Neurotransmitters (messenger molecules of our brains and nervous systems) and hormones (messenger molecules of our endocrine systems) are both are chemicals in the brain that carry messages throughout the body. While the line differentiating the two is blurry since some neurotransmitters are hormones and vice versa, one of the main differences is the distances these two travels to make changes to the body. The brain chemicals or neurotransmitters send messages throughout the body to every cell, organ and tissue helping you do everything from move your arm to feel happy or sad.
- Track 7-1 Role of Hormones
- Track 7-2 Neurotransmitters and its Roles
- Track 7-3 Classification of Neurotransmitters
- Track 7-4 Main Difference â€“ Hormones vs Neurotransmitters
- Track 7-5 Example of Hormones playing role in Mental and Emotional Balance
Aging causes changes to the brain size, vasculature, and cognition. The brain shrinks with increasing age and there are changes at all levels from molecules to morphology. Incidence of stroke, white matter lesions, and dementia also rise with age, as does level of memory impairment and there are changes in levels of neurotransmitters and hormones. A healthy life both physically and mentally may be the best defence against the changes of an ageing brain. Additional measures to prevent cardiovascular disease may also be important.
- Track 8-1 Structural and Chemical Changes
- Track 8-2 Neuropsychological Changes
- Track 8-3 Genetic Changes
- Track 8-4 Epigenetic Age Analysis of different Brain regions
- Track 8-5 Delaying the Effects of Aging
Brain disorder occurs when there is a damage or disruption to the brain or brains function after the birth of an individual. Damaged Brain will cause changes in the memory, sensation and sometimes even in personality. It can occur due to falls, accidents, assault, lack of oxygen, concussion. Intelligence is usually not affected by disorder, although there are usually cognitive changes such as problems with memory, concentration and attention.
- Track 9-1 Types of Brain Disorders
- Track 9-2 Causes of Brain Disorders
- Track 9-3 Signs and Symptoms
- Track 9-4 Effects of Brain Disorder
- Track 9-5 Diagnosis and Therapy
Neurodegenerative diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders that are characterized by the progressive degeneration of the structure and function of the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system. Common neurodegenerative diseases include Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Degenerative diseases may be life threatening or non-curable. Treatments and therapies may improve symptoms, relieve pains and will also help in increasing mobility. These problems get diagnosed by ECG and some specific nerve tests.
- Track 10-1 Types of Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Track 10-2 Signs and Symptoms
- Track 10-3 Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Track 10-4 Diagnosis
- Track 10-5 Prevention and Cure
Neuronal migration is the method by which neurons travel from their origin or birthplace to their final position in the brain. There are several ways they can do this, e.g. by radial migration or tangential migration. The cellular positioning that constrains local signalling depends on migration of postmitotic neuroblasts in the fetal brain. Migration is a ubiquitous feature of development that brings cells into appropriate spatial relationships. In the nervous system, migration during development brings different classes of neurons together so that they can interact appropriately.
- Track 11-1 Mechanism of Neuronal Migration
- Track 11-2 Types of Neuronal Migration
- Track 11-3 Neuronal Migration Disorder
- Track 11-4 Future Scope of studies in Neuronal Migration
The brain's ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. Neuroplasticity allows the neurons (nerve cells) in the brain to compensate for injury and disease and to adjust their activities in response to new situations or to changes in their environment. Neuroplasticity sometimes may also contribute to impairment. Neuroplasticity is also called brain plasticity or brain malleability.
- Track 12-1 Applications of Neuroplasticity
- Track 12-2 History of Neuroplasticity
- Track 12-3 Examples of Neuroplasticity
- Track 12-4 Future Scope and Research
It is the process by which signalling molecules called neurotransmitters are released by the axon terminal of a neuron (the presynaptic neuron) and bind to and react with the receptors on the dendrites of another neuron (the postsynaptic neuron). Neurotransmission is usually faster than neuromodulation, and is more likely to be ionotropic, while neuromodulation is slower and more likely to be metabotropic. Neurotransmission relies upon: the availability of the neurotransmitter; the release of the neurotransmitter; the connection made between the postsynaptic receptor by the neurotransmitter; activity from the postsynaptic cell; and the subsequent removal or deactivation of the neurotransmitter.
- Track 13-1 Stages in Neurotransmission at the Synapse
- Track 13-2 Convergence and Divergence
- Track 13-3 Cotransmission
- Track 13-4 Genetic Association
It is a field that explores how the nervous system is formed, from early embryonic stages through adulthood. Although it is known that neural progenitor cells follow predictable stages of proliferation, differentiation, migration, and maturation, the mechanisms controlling the progression through each stage are incompletely understood. Studying development is not only important for understanding how complex structures are assembled, but also for characterizing and treating developmental disorders.
- Track 14-1 Disorders
- Track 14-2 Regeneration of Nervous System
- Track 14-3 Repair and Plasticity of the Nervous System
- Track 14-4 Ontogeny of Behaviour
It is the scientific field that is concerned with the study of the biological processes and aspects that underlie cognition, with a specific focus on the neural connections in the brain which are involved in mental processes. Parts of the brain play an important role in this field. Neurons play the most vital role, since the main point is to establish an understanding of cognition from a neural perspective, along with the different lobes of the cerebral cortex.
- Track 15-1 Historical Origins
- Track 15-2 Emergence of a New Discipline
- Track 15-3 Methods Employed in Cognitive Neuroscience
- Track 15-4 Major Contributors to the Field
- Track 15-5 Recent Trends
Neurodiagnostics, also called neurodiagnostic tests, are done when a patient's illness or condition is thought to be based in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Signs of nervous system disorders include Chronic headaches, Dizziness, Hearing and vision changes, Numbness and tingling, Seizures, Strokes and Weakness.
- Track 16-1 Types of Neurodiagnostics test
- Track 16-2 Benefits & Risks
- Track 16-3 Research in the field of Neurodiagnostics
- Track 16-4 Future Scope
It is the study of how the genome of an organism influences the development and function of its nervous system. This field intends to unite functional genomics and neurobiology in order to understand the nervous system from a genomic perspective. Neurogenomics explores interactions among genotypes, phenotypes, and the environment, using a range of genomic and bioinformatic approaches to synthesize datasets capturing multiple levels of nervous system function.
- Track 17-1 Approaches
- Track 17-2 Research Developmental Models
- Track 17-3 Gene expression in the Brain
- Track 17-4 Evolution of the Mammalian Brain
- Track 17-5 Disorders
Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. There are two main branches of neuropharmacology: behavioral and molecular. Behavioral neuropharmacology focuses on the study of how drugs affect human behavior (neuropsychopharmacology), including the study of how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology involves the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions, with the overall goal of developing drugs that have beneficial effects on neurological function.
- Track 18-1 Neurochemical Interactions
- Track 18-2 Molecular Neuropharmacology
- Track 18-3 Behavioral Neuropharmacology
- Track 18-4 Current Research in Neuropharmacology